EPP vs EDR vs XDR: Endpoint Security Comparison

What are EPP, EDR, and XDR?

Endpoint protection platform (EPP)

  • using databases of known signatures to match malware and other file-based threats;
  • blocking or allowing applications, URLs, ports, and addresses using blacklists or whitelists;
  • providing a sandbox to test suspected threats, such as executables;
  • using behavioral analysts and machine learning to report anomalous or suspicious activity on the endpoint.

Endpoint Detection and Response (EDR)

  • help analysts identify indicators of compromise (IoC), typically combining data collected from endpoints with threat intelligence;
  • provide real-time alerts on security incidents;
  • integrate forensics to help analysts investigate affected endpoints and identify the original source of an attack;
  • automatic remediation, for example by isolating, wiping or reimaging an endpoint.

Extended Detection and Response (XDR)

What is the Difference Between EPP and EDR?

What is the Difference Between EDR and XDR?

Why Organizations are Choosing XDR Solutions

  • provider improved detection and response to day-to-day security incidents;
  • increased overall productivity of security personnel;
  • lowered the total cost of ownership (TCO) of the security stack.

Threat Hunting with XDR

What Are the Limitations of XDR?

Consideration for Choosing XDR Platforms

  • Integration complexity-XDR solutions can be complex to integrate with existing security solutions, and this can drive up the total cost of ownership. It is also expensive to maintain this integration, for example to test and finetune the integration every time a security tool is upgraded or add integration with new tools added over time.
  • Time to integrate-speed of deployment is very important in the COVID-19 crisis, because employees are working from home and attackers are trying to access sensitive data from unsecured networks and personal devices. Choosing a detection and response solution that takes weeks or months to successfully integrate with your current stack can expose your organization to high risk.
  • Degree of automation-some XDR solutions may not be fully automated. Or they may perform automation of basic incident response functions only, without fully leveraging AI for advanced analytics and insights of security data.
  • Operational complexity-because a key benefit of XDR is improving productivity, if your SOC/MDR team’s XDR solution is highly complex, this will affect your return on investment.
  • Holistic solution-XDR is supposed to be a cohesive, integrated solution. Some vendors have taken a variety of preexisting tools, packaged them together and labelled them “XDR.” Evaluate whether your XDR solution is a true integrated solution.
  • Cost-because XDR technology is new and requires a new operational model, selecting solutions that do not require large upfront costs is recommended. XDR solutions with scalable or subscription-based pricing models will reduce the risk of deploying XDR at your organization.

Conclusion

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